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Rare and Genetic Conditions that Affect Knee and Hip Joints

1. Osteochondrodysplasias
2. CPPC(Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate) crystal deposition disease
3. Hip Dysplasia
4. Medial Plica Syndrome
5. Osgood Schlatter Disease

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1. Osteochondrodysplasias

Condition: Osteochondrodysplasias is a group of hereditary disorders of connective tissue, bone, or cartilage that causes the skeleton to develop abnormally and can cause shortening of the limbs or dwarfism. Osteochondrodysplasias can result limited range of motion in certain joints, affecting daily movement.

2. CPPC(Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate) crystal deposition disease

Condition: CPPC is often mistaken for osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, however this disease develops in people over 60 where crystal deposits begin forming in joint cartilage. CPPC deposition can also form in young adults usually if they have history of the disease in their family, have had joint surgery or injury, or who have other diseases that are susceptible to CPPC crystal deposition disease. CPPC causes inflammation, pain and stiffness in the joint affecting movement and comfort.

3. Hip Dysplasia

Rheumatoid arthritis explained

Condition: Hip Dysplasia is a group of hip problems, often relating to loose connective tissues and body positions that place undue stress on the area. This can lead to arthritis later in life especially among those who have an inactive lifestyle. Some symptoms of Hip Dysplasia is pain or aching in the joint and instability. If ignored, this condition can develop into a severe case of arthritis.

4. Medial Plica Syndrome

Condition: The medial plica runs along the inside of you knee, parallel to your medial patella just below your medial retinaculum and inserts into your fat pad below your patella. Medial Plica Syndrome is severe inflammation that occurs from injury or overuse of the knee. Plica syndrome often occurs in addition to other conditions such like meniscal tears or Osgood Schlatter Disease. Your Plica can become inflamed during:

  • Repetitive Knee straightening and bending
  • Blunt trauma or knee twisting
  • Fat pad irritation
  • Altered Knee Motion
  • Internal Knee Derangements (ex. Meniscal tears)
5. Osgood Schlatter Disease

Condition: Osgood Schlatter Disease is a condition causing pain and swelling below the kneecap resulting from overuse. Medical professionals are uncertain as to the cause of this inflammation, however it is generally accepted that the condition is caused by tiny microfractures of the bony bump in the shinbone, also known as the tibia, where the ligament from the patella, or kneecap, is inserted into the tibia. Osgood Schlatter disease is most common in teens during a growth spurt, especially those active in sports that require frequent jumping and running. It is a rare condition often referred to as an “overuse condition”. The pain can be mild during activities and can extend to debilitating or constant pain. It is a shortterm condition that usually heals itself after a growth spurt, however longterm cases such as fractures to the tibia and joints has been documented years after the initial diagnosis. Rest and restraint from further strenuous activity is usually enough to heal this shortterm condition.

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